Skip to main content

Full text of "Gadaba"

See other formats


’žIV.    SOCIAL & ECCKCMIC CONDITIONS



The origina' hcire of the Gadabas of Rajacheruvu Valasa

was in the  steep   ircvrfairs  vhere, irany generations ago, the



Gadabas used to  Ii\e  like a!! hill tribe$5 in Isolation from the



neighbouring plains.   They  Ihed  by pcdu (shifting) cultivation



and by hunting game in  the forest.   They had abundant food.



Their needs were              For some of the things which were not



available locally, tte\ L£ed lo dcper.d upon the weekly fairs.   The



Gadabas, were genial and gentle people.   Their speech was gentle



and manners sweet.   They were fond of liquor, which they could



brew at home and spent the             in singing and dancing.    They



had everything the> wanted and lived carefree, simple,   cheerful



lives, as innocent children of nature.



From this stock have come the Gadabas of Rajacheruvu

Yalasa. They were brought to this place by the Rajah of Bobbili

a few centuries ago to serve as his palanquinbearers. IB return

for their service, the Rajah allowed them to cultivate Zamindari

land and utilise its usufruct. In this way, these Gadabas took up

the twin vocations of tearing the palanquin of the Rajah and his

subordinates whenever called for, and, being cultivators of

Zamindari land.



The land belonged to the Zamindar, The Gadabas had

no title to it. They could raise crops on it, and enjoy it for their

sustenance during the pleasure of the Rajah. The Rajah's succes-

sors respected this arrangement. The Gadabas were at home in

the new surroundings because the hamlet they built was at the

foot of CbimpI Konda, a mountain, surrounded by a thick forest

inhabited by tigers, leopards, wild bucks, stags, deer and other

wild life providing ample opportunity to hunt to their heart's